There are various surgical and non-surgical methods for the treatment of gum depigmentation. Modern therapy techniques hold the ability to provide painless treatment to the patient. Some of the most common therapy includes the following:
Electrosurgery: It is the most accurate and advanced technique for the treatment that needs expert hands for depigmentation. In the method, repeated application of heat and electric current is applied to the gum to destruct the tissue. At the same time, quick recovery of the damaged tissue is done using an advanced scalpel technique. During the treatment process the contact between the bone and the teeth to avoid damaging the blood vessels.
Surgical method: It is the most widely used technique where the upper layer of the epithelium is surgically covered with the help of connective tissue. It took a few days for the connective tissue to heal across the gum layer and provide a glossy appearance to unhide the darkened gum tissues.
Bur abrasion: It is a non-aggressive method that does not require sophisticated equipment for the treatment. The surgeon uses a handpiece and applies pressure along the gum tissue with a controlled motion to remove the darkening gum pigments. It is among the traditional method of surgery to get rid of gum depigmentation.
Gingival graft: It refers to grafting tissue in the affected areas from another tissue site of the other healthy and glossy gum cells. The patient must have a donor site to graft a similar type of tissue above the dark pigmented part using a surgical approach.